This park is located on the Pacific Coast, in the Osa Peninsula in the Province of Puntarenas. It has an area of 54.538,9 hectares of land and 2,400 hectares of ocean.. The park holds over 500 species of trees, that is, one fourth of all known Costa Rican tree species.Tropical rain forests under the park’s protection are not only the best sample of this type of ecosystem in the Pacific coast, but also one of the last of its type in the Central American region.
The parks vegetation is mostly tropical very humid forest, divided into the following types of habitat: mountain forest, rain forest, lowland forest, swamp forest, “yolillal” forest, grass swamps, mangrove swamps, cliff vegetation, and coastal vegetation.
On what concerns fauna the major species found are: danta or tapir,jaguar,puma,manigordo cats, giant anteater, peccari, howler monkey, white-face monkey, red monkey, squirrel monkey, red macaws, white hawk, water fowl, wild turkeys, “rey de zopilote” vulture, wild fowl, purple doves,toucan, “curre” toucan, “catano”, kingfisher, “cacique”, and many species of hummingbirds. Besides, the park is a shelter for endangered species of caiman and crocodile.
The park boasts 520 square kilometers of virginal beaches and untouched tropical forest, making this place one of the best in the world for the study of ecosystems found there, and also because of the many species that inhabit the park, many of which are unique or endangered. Among those are: “guatusas”, jaguars, tapirs, macaws, and four species of Costa Rican monkeys. This paradise has been called the crown jewel of Costa Rican national parks, but its restricted access has turned its visit into an adventure for nature lovers.
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